Knee pain and sports injuries

Knee pain treatment in Cannington

The knee is the second most complex joint in the body after the shoulder. So many things can potentially go wrong. There are 2 main types of knee pain, the first is an injury and the second is a slow gradual onset.

Injured Knee

When a knee is injured, usually a structure is torn, bruised, stretched or squashed. The structures that I am referring to are cartilage, ligaments, tendons, muscles, meniscus or the patella (which is a floating bone) that lives inside the big thigh muscle tendon (quadriceps or the quads). In rare cases, a bone in the knee can also be broken. Injuries can often be sporting or at work. We also see this in weekend gardeners or accidents.

Slow onset knee pain

If the knee pain comes on gradually, it often indicates either a biomechanical problem or incorrect technique, training or shoes. The alternative is the beginnings of arthritis. If you catch arthritis early on, you can stop its progression and live pain free by removing the cause of the incorrect rubbing before the bone starts to rub on the adjoining bone. Types of slow onset knee pain include, training for a running event like city to surf or playing a jumping or kicking sport like basketball or football. One of the conditions that is not readily known by doctors is that growing pains in children is often just a biomechanical problem that the body is not coping with due to a rapid change in mechanics, so fixing the mechanics often gets rid of the pain and the child can continue to grow pain free without the old fashioned advice of stopping all sports (which we all know is not good for health and wellbeing).

Treatment of knee pain

Many patients ask us how can I fix my knee pain?

The answer is not as straight forward because different causes of pain require different approaches. So here are a few simple rules of thumb that you can follow.

  • If the knee is swollen, use ice and a compression bandage to reduce the swelling as quickly as possible
  • Reduce the training intensity or rest, depending on the cause of the pain. This should only be done for 2-3 days. If the pain is going to go away on its own, it should do so quickly, otherwise, seek professional help.
  • If you hear grinding or clicking, it is likely that the knee cap (patella) is not tracking correctly and the physiotherapist will show you how to change the biomechanics by either using tape, stretching or strengthening to fix the problem
  • If the knee locks in a bent or straight position and it doesn’t unlock for a few seconds, you are likely looking at a meniscal tear that if small, can be managed by physiotherapy and strengthening and if big, may need surgical removal or repair.
  • If you live or work in Kenwick, Beckenham, Cannington or Bentley and you have a knee pain that you would like fixed, please contact us, we would love to help you.